Department Oil, gas and petrochemical industry
Although the earth is covered with water, water shortage threatens mankind. For instance, African countries and some Asian ones are threatened with such shortage and Middle East countries, including Iran and Persian Gulf countries where desert have formed high percentage of their land suffer from severe water shortage. Therefore, correct and hygienic transference of water from sources and production areas to the consumption centers, where people live (i.e. cities and villages), is one of the main concerns of each society.